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Understanding future energy demand

Averting devastatingly damaging long-term consequences of climate change will require major change in all sectors of society, particularly in adapting energy systems.

The 40M UK cars which are moving to battery power will require a 2050 electricity network 50% larger than exists today. Fuelling the current 285,000 HGVs without a polluting diesel supply requires the development of new clean energy fuels.  80% of the UK annual natural gas consumption heats premises and powers industrial processes with 20% used in electricity generation.  Replacing this natural gas supply with a carbon-free fuel, such as hydrogen, requires the government to create a roadmap for the major redesign of the UK energy industry to achieve the 2050 net-zero carbon target.